Memory Ruzy Chariev’s

Issue #4 • 1272

People’s artist of Uzbekistan Ruzy Chariev had a huge number of fans. I’m one of them. But only a few, as I witnessed intimate moments – work artist over self-portrait and the image of naked nature. It is a purely personal, intimate status, in my opinion, characteristic of painters. Ruzy aka each year drew self-portrait. Only in 2003. for the year before his death, in the workshop solemnly, in front of the assembled audience announced that henceforth would not do this. Outwardly he was something depressed, or rather depressed and looked like a football player, forever leaving the field. I don’t know why the artist come to this decision, perhaps intuitively felt the nearness of death. His last portrait was made at the the white background is a sad, dead eye, something incredible, the entire image of fatigue.
The door of the Studio of the artist in the hours of creative inspiration were opened for fans and admirers of his talent. To start the story from a distance – I want to tell you about one case. This it was in 1973. I have already graduated from the University. He lived in a rented one-room small room. One day, apparently, piled up, I started to complain to Ruzy Chariev: “Very closely live, often, you can not only write, but even sleep we with the wife have something on the balcony, the kitchen”. “Write on the street”, – said the artist. “But I’m not work with the easel, as you, and paper to write, ” I countered. “What I will do in the winter?”. Ruzy aka, how would chaffed over my words, smiling: “would you like to work? Work everywhere. Ernest Hemingway wrote sitting on the sidewalks, attics, in the cafe. Never complained”. (It was my first and the last the complaint, and after, intrigued, I was hard to study creativity referred to the writer). Ruzy aka, how would specifying, he added: “At the bus stop, bus, where you want, just write. Write where you been written, where it is convenient. Write only in the home not necessarily”. “And suddenly you have to write at night?” “I asked. “At night, if you remember, my free advice to you: put on paper. Morning, as they say, wiser than evening, the decision will come by itself”, – he added. Then my goal to his arrival was asked to work in his Studio, which was always crowded fans and lovers feasts and just праздношатающимся people. Here easily stopped those who had been without sleep or why it was left on the street, visitors, fans of the art, so and drink. In such a noisy atmosphere of the artist worked. He wrote everywhere: at home, in the subway, in the street, in the plane, on the earth or in the sea – wrote and drew. In the 1970s, it seems, from Sweden, Ruzy aka brought a huge leather, like a postman, a bag. His friends and relatives, it was well known – conveniently located on his shoulders, the bag has become for many years, his inseparable the companion. It kept always ready to work different the values of the tubes of paint, notebooks, markers, colored pencils, charcoal and a lot of different things, necessary for the job. Here there was a crust of bread – specially dried local cakes, which, in no time, happened, together with money, colors it gave to the needy artist, and then to himself his inner joy, fanfare, loudly sang. Yes, it is in such a noisy environment he liked to be creative and to have a conversation, while not for a moment would not distracted from the primary occupation.
Remember, in Termez we were at the funeral of his wife Abdurakhman Rakhmatov – an actor of the theatre, people’s artist of Uzbekistan. R. Chariev’s always attracted an unusual posture of people, external appearance, facial expressions, transmitting acute psychological state, in this case the depth of grief. He is interested in how people chain in a number of encamped in the courtyard, and later got into a semi-circle. Quietly, trying not to attract the attention of the audience, he held out his hand to his cherished bag. Pretending talks, found a reason to pull out a notebook and immediately did the outline of the shape of objects, the silhouettes of the people. Sketches later became a basis of a cycle of portraits of the “People of Surkhandarya”. The famous bag artist was stolen at the airport. I’m not I remember another such case, to the artist so much grieving. In order to calm him down, I came up with a story which allegedly has recently occurred with the writer Murad Muhammad Dustom, who allegedly stole exactly the same bag. And he said: “Learn from Murad, whether there is a Notepad with the telephone numbers of beauties”. I said, “Now it is not prior to this, he is only busy with work, all in the works, such notebook he does not want”. “Then Murad did not lose anything, let does not upset, and I have also been a notebook with rooms beautiful women-models. This is necessary for the work. That’s what tragedy”, – he said. With the disappearance of the bags painter drawing and drew on all that came to hand – towels, paper, cardboard. One day, being in a cafe in the Park “Гулынан” in Tashkent, at the next table saw a charming girl. Until they brought the order, he painted the whole table-cloth felt-tip pen, making her sketches. Seeing them, the waitress excited, there was a scandal. The guy with the girl, called the waitress and began to whisper something in her the ear. The waitress calmed down, quickly gathered up the cloth and, putting it in a package, give the guy. He paid with her, and, beaming with joy, thanked the artist. Such works – compromises were many.
The creative search for the artist details, the color was full of unexpected decisions, and found something original, he use them skillfully. About one such author’s discovery of the he told me: “When I wrote a portrait of the composer Ikram Akbarov, I became acquainted with his Opera. I liked him. The first portrait of his head, I wrote for 45 minutes. And constantly, when I came Batyr (Batyr Zakirov. Mr.. N.), I wrote it. I I wonder, why do I now can’t just write this element restore in itself. And here I came to Ikram Akbarov to see him with Batyr. He so sits and talks. And I’m his and Batyr quickly drew. And this figure I used for a portrait of the composer Ikram Akbarov. And the color I used music. I wanted the music was the unobtrusive to the portrait of the merged with the color, with its nuances. I did it very simple and at the same time difficult. Accidentally in the paint, which were on the palette, fell cardboard. I had forgotten about it, and the colors are absorbed. Pulled it out, look: some good, interesting texture of it. And I quickly made this figure right on the cardboard. So I have found a good sketch. And then this sketch methodically brush repeated, when wrote portrait. The sketch I have given Икраму. These are the interesting, completely random findings for the painter. Now about a portrait of Taktash. That is why I wrote the background of this. When I drew his shoulders, made a mistake. There was no time. I took a tube of paint and began writing his shoulders. Look – the line of what appeared in the picture. This gave me the solution. I quickly moved to the background, and felt that nervousness Taktash this underlines. I found that I made for himself a magnificent discovery!”. Ruzy aka was a painter not only by profession. He never for a moment stop thinking about her – he breathed and lived it. Sketches formed the basis of the his large canvases. In the Studio, where relatives after his death took away all of the things in a pile of debris I found hundreds of these sketches made, as we said earlier, on anything. On they – time, place and space. The artist has always stated: “Paintings – reflection of my biography, my story.” The sketches were like pastry, which the master mind all the time “kneaded” and only then was the audience in the form of pictures or large the whole works. Interesting the process of work: painter continuously watched the man, his way of life, the nature, not forgetting to mention the color face, style and color of the clothes, paying attention, deftly if it it sits, whether his body. Intuitively felt, what image when working on the painting can be useful, instantly caught the exclusiveness of findings or decisions, and when it knew, it was looking to the end. If it overshadowed an idea, and he received her, then convince him it was already impossible. There was only patiently wait until the artist completes the sketch or sketch. I often witnessed such a state it is in Surkhandarya, in Bukhara, Shakhrisabz. Even now, in any city of the Republic of you’re sure to encounter the person knew and who can tell a similar story.
At the time of inspiration R. Chariev became unrecognizable stubborn, unlike the ordinary days, when he was the most best person in the world, reliable in everything. Generosity it was in his nature. He was far from profanity, pretentiousness, not waiting for gratitude. Not a liar, if I say that if could bestow even an enemy. In his heart he was a Sufi. For creativity R. Chariev’s is characterized by a variety of in an epic plan the images. The human soul is the concept of the infinite manifold. For any human being, his nature, motion, face, lifestyle had a place in the artist’s soul. Tako the master of the picture, they fascinate its naturalness and uniqueness. We noted that he was always ready to work anywhere – in the Studio, whether on a business trip if he is always ready was an easel. Reserve enough a maximum of a week. In recent years, it was not easy to buy necessary for the work of the canvas, so the artist began to work on cardboard, paper. Different types of equipment – watercolor, gouache, pencil were subject to him, although he the master loved brush and oil paints.
The”handwriting” of Ruzy Chariev’s visible even from a distance. Today in the world of fine art is not often meet the artist, recognizable by the individual handwriting, natural only him. A lot of plagiarism. Unique each individual, this should be and his work. This is a priority, the immutable law of creativity. Secondary question, acceptable whether he is with the aesthetic point of view. Consciousness, thoughts, concepts people are different, as opportunities, but high aesthetic the level is the result of an alloy and filtering. Difficult to concisely, in one sentence, to Express something, as created his paintings, how did Ruzy Chariev. But for him it could be said that he had seen the world and man from the point of view of the artist. He missed all over himself, over his heart. Use photos of considered it as a vision of the subject strange look. Always wanted to have a maximum of paint. “Let’s be more paint, less – food” – the slogan of his life. Part of the the contents of his wallet was open for those who are in need of means, the second is to go to the acquisition of the necessary for creativity accessories. Work was the work of his life. The life of motley, boundless, and we can not always stand in front of the trials. In life and love call of his paintings. The natural question is, where and how was formed by the artist’s hand Ruzy Chariev’s. The process started in the years of study at the Leningrad Institute of painting, sculpture, and architecture name And. Repin, where he went, graduating from the Republican art school of the name of P. Benkov. He collected material for his diploma work “the Collapse of Bukhara Emirate”. Up to this the picture displays of traditional realism seen in the previous work 1959. – “Bazaar Bukhara”. In the Moscow painting was exhibited in the decade of the Uzbek literature and art. “The collapse of Bukhara Emirate” is a fundamental, epic picture, which shows that the handwriting of the Ruzy Chariev’s as a Mature artist has already been formed. Deserves attention and a small period before the appearance of paintings “My a friend”, “My contemporary” – a period of search, accumulation of experience. The works were created in the style of European and Russian the traditional direction, but full of the sun rainbow tone showed true spiritual peace and the style of the author. On the first the plan put forward identity, originality the layer and color, high the level of culture of the image – certificate of permanent search, professionalism the artist, special attention devote the composition construction, color color, figure construction, proportions, grace, academic reinforcement of each the details, the hardness of the graphics work or aesthetically the fascinating image taken object. After 1965. “it’s time of flowering of creativity R. Chariev’s. This raging, expressive method in its the works continued until 1980-1985 years. It was in 1965, he signs his works. He found his own style. I will not be mistaken if I say that his career as a professional the artist was also a trip with the Абдулхаком Abdullayev in the countries of Africa and the Mediterranean. He actively traveled, came a lot of places, a lot of things saw, had been in different countries – Sweden, Romania, Turkey, Afghanistan, the States of Africa, I had once asked: “What do you do in the Arctic? Cold and the paint And the countries of Africa – we can say, the hot place. And you are his proceed”. The artist said: “You wait, so I told them, and you will see what is on the the light of beautiful landscapes”. And then but he added: “To appreciate the beauty of Uzbekistan, one should see these places”. After travel abroad he constantly went to the native land, in her the fields and the mountains. It inspired everything, even the flower янтака – steppe camel’s thorn, enjoyed it and was the reason, to take a hand brush. R. Chariev often repeated the words: “our Land is gold. We have no ugly landscapes, a painter should via heart skip and see her paint”. In any place – in the desert, steppe, in the mountains, he could find unusual paint and forms.
The Painting “The Birth Of girls”, “Best. year 1941″, “Kumkurgan apples”, “The collapse of the Bukhara Emirate”, “Evening in the Surkhandaria”, “The wedding in Сайробе”, “HRSU rebellion” – the result of the tireless search, observation. In the category of large can be include portraits, in particular, representatives of the intelligentsia: “Olim Khodjaev”, “Ikram Akbarov”, “the Actor and film artist Shavkat Abdoussalamov”, “D. Pugachenkova”, “Raphael Taktash”, “Barno”, “Milkmaid”, “Family Toshevih” and others. Paintings R. Chariev’s “Suzane”, “the Bride” has been exhibited at many international exhibitions and received high acclaim and not times were noted on the pages of the Central press. Most of them performed from nature, taken from the life, sketches, some of the same – fruit the imagination of the artist. The Picture “The Family Toshevih” – the result of a long search. The artist often stopped in a family of the simple worker Tosheva in the village of “Soglom Avlod”that in the Boysun district. From small sketches made by at different times, the result was the masterpiece. Now the picture is stored in the State Museum of arts of Uzbekistan.
R. Chariev is one of the first artists, who in the 1990s. began writing large plan on the canvas image of Amir Temur. Picture-poster was published in large numbers. Colleagues in the brush color the decision was greeted with approval. Remember, a copy of the poster bought artist Chingiz Ахмаров and gave Ruzy Chariev. Chingiz Ахмаров with great attention came in this work, and expressed its the appreciation of the artist. Some noted that the eyes from the commander in excess of the measures narrowed. Everything becomes clear, if you take into account that Amir Temur sits upon the throne, in the battle position and armor, narrowing his eyes, peering intently in something. We must take into account, it was the first sample, and Ruzy aka wrote his portrait, information obtained with thumbnails ancient manuscripts. The location of the executed in a very interesting composition the decision of the portrait it is currently unknown. In subsequent years, in the works of Ruzy Chariev’s no the latitude to use thick layers of paint and bright tones, as before. As if broke tradition is gone warm colors, the density of paints. transition the cold tones, characteristic of Saint-Peter-бургскому landscape, perhaps, occurred because in the very nature of the painter something radically changed – the inward revolt, the pain may illness is the cause. Was in this period and a beam of light – after a trip to Turkey in his paintings appeared again iridescent tones. The disease briefly retreated, though all the time made itself felt, but to force him to go to the hospital for the treatment was impossible. I managed to see a few of his beautiful paintings, executed in the period. The rest of the seen only in the photos – they are in the collections of one of the Turkish businessmen. Even in the photo, they are impressive novelty and originality execution.
Ruzy aka proud of that was born on the eve of independence Day (August 28). “There was it’s time work, I was born again,” he said, and each once, when I was with him, showed a new picture. In the years of independence R. Chariev created a lot of works, and they, I think, should be are analyzed separately, studied since the new spirit of the time displayed on them in a new way. Not all painting during his lifetime had put the artist in court the spectators. Hold it in the last way he commanded from workshop Art, best effort the soul is reflected in paintings Ruzy Chariev’s. In one of the interviews he said: “I love to walk among the people, to my work was still real and easier.”

Shumahomedova Dinara

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